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Anonymous

Anonymous asked:

Could you explain conjugations like:- たい, られる, て, ます, etc?

bandnihongo:

Okay, I’ll try my best to explain!

たい: For when you want to do something. 
チーズバーガーを食べたい。 (I want to eat a cheeseburger)

られる: Passive form. For when something is done to you.
先生に叱られた。 (I was scolded by my teacher)

られる can also be potential form for る verbs.
信じられない。 (I can’t believe it)

て: This has many, many different meanings. USUALLY we see it used in polite requests.
いてください。 (Please listen to me)

ます: The polite way to end a verb. Use this with anyone you aren’t sure is your friend, age group, etc. Some people may give you a hard time for using polite speech, in which case it’s okay to just use informal speech.
帰ります。 (I’m going home)

And here’s a couple more, just because.

ながら: Doing two things at the same time. The more important verb, or main focus of the sentence is always second.
音楽を聴きながらゲームをしている。 (I’m listening to music while I play video games)

させる: To make someone do something, or to let someone do something.
息子に野菜を食べさせる。 (I make my son eat vegetables)
テレビを見させる。 (I’m allowed to watch TV)

Hope this helps. If you want more in-depth explanations of conjugations, I’d be willing to do individual posts about each conjugation. Just send me another message with requests.

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